Gaviota Conserved

Happy holidays for the Gaviota Coast:

The Cojo-Jalama Ranch (Bixby Ranch) goes to the Nature Conservancy



Illegal grading on the Bixby Ranch photographed by Gaviota Coast Conservancy former president Mike Lunsford

In a stunning development, The Nature Conservancy has announced that it has acquired the 24,364-acre Cojo-Jalama Ranch, aka Bixby Ranch. Cojo-Jalama Ranch surrounds Point Conception, extending from Jalama County Park to near the western boundary of Hollister Ranch. Ownership by The Nature Conservancy eliminates threats of the conversion of this historic property for residential development, oil extraction or mineral development.

“Cojo-Jalama Ranch is one of the crown jewels of the Gaviota Coast!” exclaimed Gaviota Coast Conservancy President Michael S. Brown. “Preservation of the Cojo-Jalama Ranch has long been one of the GCC’s leading goals. Cojo-Jalama is the largest privately owned ranch on the Gaviota Coast, and has faced significant development threats in the past.”

The Nature Conservancy’s purchase of Cojo-Jalama Ranch was made possible by a single donation of $165 Million by Jack and Laura Dangermond, whose company, Esri, played a major role in developing GIS methodologies. “The generosity of people like the Dangermonds have played a critical role in the preservation of the Gaviota Coast and other threatened coastal lands,” explained Phil McKenna, GCC Past President and Board member (see his recent OpEd in the Santa Barbara Independent on this issue), “GCC applauds their vision and generosity, and invites others to support GCC’s ongoing work to preserve our precious coastline.”

The Gaviota Coast Conservancy is the only non-governmental organization focused exclusively on the Gaviota Coast. Spanning 76 miles of coastline from Coal Oil Point in Goleta to Point Sal west of Santa Maria, the Gaviota Coast was studied to be a National Seashore in the early 2000’s. The National Park Service found that while the visual, biological and recreational resources made the Gaviota Coast suitable as a National Seashore, but opposition from the George W. Bush Administration and landowners made it infeasible. The 2004 Report suggested local efforts should be undertaken to protect and preserve the Gaviota Coast.

Cojo-Jalama was adjacent to the site of a proposed LNG plant in the 1970’s, which led to a pitched battle lasting for years. The lands surrounding Point Conception were occupied by protesting Chumash from June 1978 to March 1979 who were dedicated to protecting the area’s spiritual significance as the “Western Gate” in their culture. The LNG plant was never built.

Cojo-Jalama was subject to a set of Air Force easements restricting uses and development along the western edge of the ranch in designated “debris zones” where development is prohibited to accommodate Space Shuttle launches in the 1980’s. After the Challenger shuttle disaster, the program was curtailed and VAFB never launched a shuttle.

In 2007, Cojo-Jalama was purchased by Baupost Group, a Boston hedge fund, for the then extraordinary price of $135 Million. Shortly after that, the 2008 Recession deflated the value of the land, and while many rumors of different development projects circulated, no substantial development projects were formally proposed.


Point Conception aerial photo by Rich Reid

Controversy surrounded Cojo-Jalama when Gaviota Coast Conservancy and others uncovered illegal destruction of habitat for the endangered Gaviota Tarplant, leading to a protracted enforcement effort by the California Coastal Commission, which recently adopted an enforcement and Restoration Order, finally resolving the violations.

Baupost agreed to restore over 500 acres of habitat, pay $500,000 in fines to the Commission’s enforcement account, and offer to donate 36 acres of land adjacent to Jalama County Park to the Santa Barbara County Parks Department.

Gaviota Coast Conservancy has closely monitored Cojo-Jalama for decades, as it is among the most significant ranches on the Gaviota Coast. GCC applauds The Nature Conservancy’s acquisition of the property and expects that this could eventually result in public access to Point Conception, allowing the public to enjoy the 1985-era County recreational use easements on parcels near Point Conception.

Michael S. Brown, GCC’s President stated, “Preservation of Cojo-Jalama Ranch is an enormous achievement. While numerous development schemes have been put forward over the last few decades, none have succeeded. Conservation ownership with public access is the best possible outcome we could imagine. We look forward to working with The Nature Conservancy as they develop their management, restoration and access plans for Cojo-Jalama Ranch, one of the crown jewels of the Gaviota Coast.”

Happy holidays, with this amazing gift! Despite fires and power outages, our work at Gaviota Coast Conservancy continues until the rural character of the Coast is permanently preserved.

You can keep this work alive by contributing to the Gaviota Coast Conservancy. GCC has been selected for SB Gives!, a new year-end fundraising program sponsored by The Fund for Santa Barbara and The Santa Barbara Independent for nonprofits serving Santa Barbara County. Your contribution by December 31 will help us secure additional funds through SB Gives! matching grants.

On behalf of the board and staff of Gaviota Coast Conservancy, thank you to our community, supporters, friends and allies, and especially to Jack and Laura Dangermond and the Nature Conservancy for this bold conservation of our beloved coast.


Bixby Ranch Settlement Creates New Gaviota Public Lands

Gaviota Coast Conservancy supported the Coastal Commission for this Settlement

The deal includes an expansion of Jalama County Park by 36 acres

This 24,500-acre ranch surrounds Point Conception extending from Jalama County Park to near the western boundary of Hollister Ranch. It is a working cattle ranch and possesses significant environmental and cultural resources while offering tremendous recreational potential.


Government Point and Point Conception, photo by Rich Reid


Bixby Ranch was owned for about 100 years by the Bixby family of Southern California until it was sold for 135,000,000 in 2007, at the height of the real estate bubble, to the Baupost Group, a hedge fund from Boston.

The development potential of the Ranch at the time of the Baupost purchase was considerable as it was eligible for special treatment under the 1982 Local Coastal Plan (LCP) which allowed up to 500 residential units and a 200 unit hotel. This one-of-a-kind zoning concession was contentiously debated and ultimately eliminated by the Gaviota Planning Advisory Committee (GavPAC), the community body that developed the County approved (2016) Gaviota Coast Plan which updated the 1982 LCP for the region. The Gaviota Coast Plan is currently being reviewed by the California Coastal Commission. Several Board members of Gaviota Coast Conservancy served on the GavPAC.

In early 2011, Mike Lunsford, then the Conservancy’s President, heard that the Ranch had illegally plowed-under endangered Gaviota Tarplant, a protected species ironically planted to mitigate the destruction of the plant on the property by Union Oil Company in the 1970s. Mike contacted Santa Barbara County and the California Coastal Commission (CCC). The County responded that there were no apparent regulatory violations. The CCC, however, sought to conduct an on-site investigation, which the property owner opposed. Mike contacted LightHawk, a non-profit that connects pilots with environmentalists, to view the conditions from the air with a CCC enforcement officer. They flew over a broad swath of land denuded of previously restored Gaviota Tarplant. The CCC had cause for further investigation.


After years of Cojo-Jalama Ranch obstruction and illegal actions resulting in “very significant delays in resolving this matter” (CCC Staff Report 10/27/17), Baupost’s management team recently signed a settlement with the CCC in the fall of 2017. The settlement agreement requires extensive remedies including restoration of disturbed Gaviota Tarplant areas and unpermitted roads, removal of most water wells, and planting of oak trees and removal of invasive ice plant and habitat restoration on over 500 acres. In addition, the Ranch agreed to “donate” 36 acres of coastal property to Santa Barbara County for inclusion in Jalama Beach Park and pay $500,000 to the Commission’s Violation Remediation Account.

Bixby_Ranch_to_Conception_photo_by_Mike_Lunsford.pngA portion of the destroyed Gaviota Tarplant habitat is in the foreground. Government Point and Point Conception are in the background. Photo by Mike Lunsford, 2011


Cojo-Jalama Ranch is an extraordinary landscape. It sits in the transition zone between the California Southwestern and Central Western Jepson Ecoregions and as a consequence exhibits considerable floral diversity. Point Conception was the “Western Gate” for departing Chumash souls and is sacred land for the Chumash. The Point Conception Lighthouse still functions as a navigational aid. The geography of the ranch varies from the coastal bluff, to the extensive marine terrace to the mountains of its interior. It is a beautiful land that anchors the West Coast of our continent.


GCC Sues County on Tajiguas



On Thursday, December 14, Gaviota Coast Conservancy (GCC) filed a lawsuit challenging Santa Barbara County’s approval of the Tajiguas Resource Recovery Project. The project was approved without an environmental impact analysis and in violation of the County’s own procedures. 

The Tajiguas Resource Recovery Project is a flawed project that is unlikely to meet the County’s financial or environmental targets.  China’s decision this summer to ban the import of most recycled materials undermines the project’s financial viability. Moreover, the County’s diversion goals can be accomplished through readily available, less expensive programs. And in a time of rising concerns over the impacts of climate change, the project squanders an opportunity to sequester atmospheric carbon by diverting the use of clean food scraps and organic waste from creating high-quality compost for carbon farming. 

GCC’s lawsuit demands that the County prepare a supplemental environmental impact report and provide advance release of all the documents considered by the Board of Supervisors when they consider the project again. More information will be available after the new year. 

In the meantime, the Gaviota Coast Conservancy’s board, staff and volunteers thank all the firefighters, first responders, and public employees for their incredible efforts in protecting lives, property and the environment in the face of the Thomas Fire. We wish all of our supporters a safe, healthy and wonderful holiday season. 

--- Michael S. Brown, President

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County Board Extends Tajiguas Landfill’s Life by 20 years

Tajiguas_Gaviota_landfill_by_Bill_Dewey_12_28_16.jpgIn a terrible and momentous decision, the Board of Supervisors re-approved the Tajiguas Resource Recovery Project (TRRP) on a 5-0 vote on November 14, 2017. They made this decision in the worst possible way by withholding critical documents until the last minute (in violation of County rules), relying on questionable if not inaccurate “facts,” and sweeping significant environmental issues under the rug.


The re-approval relied on a deeply flawed environmental analysis that ignored evidence of new significant impacts from both the coastal zone boundary error (that placed the anaerobic digester in the coastal zone) and the emergence of the federally threatened California red-legged frog on landfill areas that will experience increased vehicle traffic and night-lighting. Rather than address these issues head-on, the County chose to ignore them.


Staff disclosed, for the first time, that their coastal zone error will increase the project’s cost by 18%, or $20M, to a total $130M, plus interest.  Before the error, tipping fees were slated to increase by 26% over 3 years, followed by unknown future annual increases as a result of the TRRP’s “Put or Pay” contracts. Rates could go even higher as the County has a $10M deficit in the funds needed to close the landfill. 


While Project documents claim a net reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from the deployment of the anaerobic digester (AD), new regulations will accomplish much of this reduction without the AD. More importantly, the TRRP imperils the creation of high-quality compost that can be used for carbon farming; an agricultural process that sequesters atmospheric carbon in the soil.  By eliminating the TRRP, improving source separation of the waste stream, making compost with food scraps, and building robust community participation in recycling we can achieve a carbon negative project. As recently reported in The Economist, forward-thinking communities and businesses must focus on creating net negative emissions. The TRRP’s problematic reduction in GHG emissions squanders the opportunity to achieve much better GHG results. 


The TRRP may have made some sense at some point, but not as it is configured, and not in current market conditions. In 2016 the Board of Supervisors signed contracts with Mustang, the investor-team, to have Mustang build and operate the TRRP. The County also entered into contracts with the four participating cities. The deal was signed and sealed, and ready to take the final step of issuing $120M in municipal bonds when the coastal zone blunder was discovered.  Now the County has revised the project to avoid placing the TRRP in the coastal zone, but numerous new significant coastal zone issues remain unanswered.  More importantly, China recently closed its market for contaminated recycled materials, which is the main output from the dirty materials recovery facility which produces a contaminated feedstock for the anaerobic digester. 


A group of five solid waste experts knowledgeable about current legal and regulatory requirements, recycling markets and the suite of available technical and programmatic options have concluded the TRRP is not the correct approach for the South Coast. The inflexible “Put or Pay" contract locks each participating city into this system for 20 years. This contract is extremely expensive and can already be replaced by simpler, more efficient and proven alternatives. The best way to maximize the reuse and recycling of our waste stream and avoid contaminating reusable materials is to separate at the source and compost. At the end of the day, we as a community need to produce less waste. This is the best way to reduce GHG emissions and lessen our impact on the planet and the Gaviota Coast. The TRRP’s “Put or Pay” contract conflicts with this basic premise. The next best way to lessen the impact of our solid waste is to sort it at the source to minimize the cost of processing and avoid contamination. Many communities have enhanced the effectiveness of their collection and sorting systems, and we should take a page from their book.



Oppose TRRP Expansion

Don’t Trash the Gaviota Coast!

The single biggest threat to the Gaviota Coast today is the County’s trash processing plant proposed at the Tajiguas Landfill. 

The County approved the project last year but relied on an incorrect boundary line for the coastal zone, and now must revise and reconsider the project. The project’s purpose was to extend the landfill’s life by 12 years, but with the delays, the landfill’s life may be extended eight years or less. As time passes, the project’s benefits decrease while costs rise. 


The Tajiguas Resource Recovery Project (TRRP) involves $120M of trash processing machines housed in two Costco-sized buildings on top of the Tajiguas Landfill. All solid waste from the South Coast (except Carpinteria), Solvang, Buellton and the Cuyama Valley will be trucked to the TRRP for processing. Residential trash rates will need to increase by at least 40% to pay for the TRRP; some estimate the rate increases will be much higher. 

To overcome the coastal zone problem, the County is proposing to expand trash processing beyond the Tajiguas Landfill and onto the adjacent Baron Ranch. Baron Ranch was to serve as a buffer for the Tajiguas Landfill, not as an expansion zone. While the County’s vague proposal leaves many unanswered questions, the expansion onto Baron Ranch represents a significant threat to the Gaviota Coast. 

TRRP is entirely incompatible with the National Seashore-worthy Gaviota Coast. The TRRP will substantially increase the amount of traffic on the Gaviota Coast, will squander the potential to reduce greenhouse gases through carbon farming (a practice referenced in the Paris Agreement that sequesters atmospheric carbon in the soil), and will extend operations at the Landfill for 20 more years. The County pledged to close the landfill by 2015 but now proposes to extend operations until 2036. 

In proposing the TRRP, the County rejected viable alternatives that would have less cost, fewer impacts, and move towards Zero Waste goals that many other local governments have adopted throughout the Country. We can do better. 


Five solid waste experts recommend NO onTRRP 

(click above for their letter)


  • Paul Relis, Former State of California Board Member, CalRecycle Lecturer in Waste Management, UC Santa Barbara Vice Chair, Bioenergy Association of California
  • Gary Petersen, Former State of California Board Member, CalRecycle Former Vice President Waste Management, Inc. Former Director of Environmental Affairs, Recycle America
  • William O’Toole, President, EcoNomics Inc. 
  • Nick Lapis, Director of Advocacy, Californians Against Waste 
  • Matt Cotton, Principal, Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC


Gaviota Coast Conservancy urges the Board to just say no to TRRP expansion 

(click above for our letter)


 Red_legged_frog.jpegEndangered red-legged frog, recently found at Tajiguas



Coastal Victory in Bixby Enforcement


(Bixby Ranch grading, Gaviota Coast aerial photos by Mike Lunsford)

On Thursday November 9, 2017, the Coastal Commission (CCC) voted unanimously to adopt a Cease and Desist Order finding extensive land use violations at the Bixby Ranch and a companion Restoration Order that mandated habitat restoration to compensate for the impacts of the violations, imposition of fines, and the donation of a 36 acre parcel to the County to expand the Jalama County Park.  The Orders were negotiated between Commission staff and the manager of Bixby Ranch.

Read more

Speak Up for Gaviota


View from Baron Ranch

Speak up for the Gaviota Coast!

Let's take this opportunity for another path for Tajiguas

 For the update on what's possible and what's at stake, please check our recent Op Ed in the Independent, in collaboration with Sigrid Wright of Community Environmental Council. Also, here's our GCC Letter to the Planning Commission, sharing what we see could be possible and why it's a good time to reconsider this astronomically-expensive project.

Here's the skinny: The Gaviota Coast is a nationally significant open space and natural area. The County Public Works Department (PWD) operates the 350-acre Tajiguas Landfill 26 miles west of Santa Barbara in what was once a coastal canyon on the Gaviota Coast, now filled with trash.
In 1999, the Board of Supervisors directed staff to close the Tajiguas Landfill by 2015, but instead, PWD proposed a trash processing facility to extend Tajiguas Landfill to 2036 or beyond. The trash processing facility will be constructed and operated by an investment group from San Luis Obispo, Mustang Investors, LLC. While the County originally required the facility to be privately financed, they later agreed to use municipal bond financing to borrow around $122 million to build the facility. This puts the County, and all ratepayers, on the hook if the facility fails. According to leading experts in the solid waste industry, the facility is poorly designed and may never operate as promised. Even if it does fail, approval of the project means that Tajiguas and the Gaviota Coast will continue to serve as a hub for all South Coast solid waste for 20 or more years.

Please Email, call or 

rsvp to attend the Goleta City Council hearing on September 5 at 6:00 PM (Butterfly Hearing) and 8:00 PM (Approx., for Rate Increase Hearing)

Write a supportive letter to the editor

and/or a supportive comment on the Independent Op Ed we submitted with Community Environmental Council sharing your concern for the future of the Gaviota Coast 

GCC has long opposed expansions of the landfill and opposed the Tajiguas Resource Recovery Project (TRRP). Despite this opposition, the County approved the TRRP in 2016 but used the wrong coastal zone boundary line. Landfills are not allowed in the coastal zone, so the County is trying to revise and re-approve the project. The County is now proposing to expand the Tajiguas Landfill and site the TRRP’s anaerobic digester on the adjacent Baron Ranch and make a series of other changes to the project. 

GCC has recently been working on developing an alternative approach to South Coast solid waste management that has substantially better environmental benefits at considerably less cost while embracing a progressive, long-term vision for the South Coast’s waste streams. This vision cannot proceed if the TRRP is approved. 

The County is desperate to re-approve the TRRP, but to do so, must get approval for steeply increased trash rates.  Those rate increases will be considered on September 5 by the Goleta City Council.    The Rate setting hearing will follow a hearing on the fate of the Ellwood Butterfly grove, which GCC is involved in supporting the Friends of the Ellwood Monarchs. 

Thank you for your support for the Gaviota Coast

Read more
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Scenic Highway Designation Ceremony

Gaviota Coast Conservancy played a major role 
Caltrans has officially designed the Gaviota Coast as a State Scenic Highway. Over the past year, Gaviota Coast Conservancy worked tirelessly with Caltrans, County staff and the Santa Barbara Board of Supervisors to make this happen. As stated by the Director of Caltrans, "the scenic qualities of this well-deserved section of California's coast will be preserved, so that they may continue to be appreciated and enjoyed by all."
Gaviota Coast Conservancy, along with Supervisor Doreen Farr, have long pushed for this overdue designation. The new Scenic Highway will extend along a 21-mile stretch of Highway 101, from Goleta's western boundary to Highway 1 at Las Cruces, where it will connect with another scenic route on Highway 1 between Las Cruces and Lompoc. For more detail, here's an article on the Gaviota Coast Scenic Highway designation in the Lompoc Record. Check out Noozhawk and KEYT's coverage as well.
Your Gaviota Coast Conservancy board continues to work diligently to help preserve the Gaviota Coast. This is one more step in that pursuit. We are most proud and pleased to have taken a leading role in this project, and look forward to continuing our work in the coming year. Special thanks to board Vice President Steve Forsell for his dedicated efforts.
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SCAPE 2017

Visions of the Gaviota Coast

Gaviota Coast Conservancy Board, photo by Isaac Hernandez
The board of the Gaviota Coast Conservancy (photographed at the event, to the left) would like to thank everyone who participated for another successful fundraiser (especially our sponsors and partners). A fabulous time was had by all who attended. Please enjoy and share this photo album of the event!
The Fifth Annual SCAPE Art Benefit for Gaviota Coast Conservancy and Naples Coalition, Visions of the Gaviota Coast, was held at the stunning Bacara Resort and Spa (8301 Hollister Ave, Goleta, CA 93117) on Friday, 4/14/17, 2-8p, with a reception on Friday (5-8p), and silent auction (2-7p) and Saturday, 4/15/17, from 10a-4p, with a film screening of Shaw Leonard's Gaviota: The End of Southern California (at 3p).
The admission-free benefit art sale went from 4/14 at 2pm through 4/15 at 4p. The two-day art show featured a reception on Friday (5-8p) with live music, silent auction, appetizers and wine with a donation. The silent auction had products by GCC's 1% for the Planet sponsors, Patagonia and SeaVees, as well as local gift certificates, two tickets to see Jack Johnson at the County Bowl, a night with spa treatment at El Encanto, a night at Circle Bar-B Ranch, Zapotec weavings from Anomaly Imports, wines and fun packages... plus much more! Bacara Resort provided a one-night stay and spa treatment for the raffle. 
For more info on Southern California Artists Painting for the Environment, please visit
To donate directly to the Gaviota Coast Conservancy: 
or to donate to Naples Coalition:
         Bacara_Resort_Logo.png     1FTP_horiz.jpg      Patagonia_logo.png     SeaVees_Logo.png

President's Letter, Spring-Summer, 2017

It’s summer on the Gaviota Coast. The green hills that sprouted during our much-needed winter rains have turned to gold and brown. The seal pups grew up and have moved on. And the Gaviota Coast Conservancy has been busier than ever on a variety of issues.

Our most current concern out on the Coast is the evolving situation at the Tajiquas Landfill. Marc Chytilo and his legal colleagues have helped GCC identify critical defects in Santa Barbara County’s plan to anaerobically digest organic waste at the landfill and spread the contaminated residual organic “digestate” on local farm land. While approved, the project is in a state of limbo due to the County’s error in siting a portion of the project within the coastal zone where such industrial activities are not appropriate. It is

Mike_Brown-Santa_Cruz_Island-Jan_14-headshot.jpgour view that it is long past the time to close the landfill at Tajiguas, as such an industrial activity is inappropriate for the Gaviota Coast and it is certainly not good policy to develop additional industrial activities such as the anaerobic digestion process. We are committed to working with others to create a 21st-century approach to managing waste in the Santa Barbara region that is on the cutting edge of sustainability practice, and to work to restore Tajiguas to a positive role in the coastal ecosystem.

Many of you may have seen Shaw Leonard’s movie Gaviota: The End of Southern California when it was shown at the Santa Barbara International Film Festival and more recently at the Sandbox. The movie is a terrific exploration of the natural history of the Gaviota Coast. If you haven’t seen it or you want to see it again, more showings are coming up. In most cases, we are showing the film in conjunction with the movie Losing Ground: Gaviota, a UCSB Blue Horizons student film featuring GCC Board member Guner Tautrim and his efforts to promote more sustainable agriculture practices on his family’s Gaviota Coast ranch and to encourage his neighbors’ efforts.

We're excited about our new membership program, and invite you to join (if you haven't already). Thanks for participating with us! Follow us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram for updates and invitations. 

We offer occasional guided hikes onto the Naples property and select other sites on the Gaviota Coast. Sign up to be on the Hikes Email List and we’ll let you know about the next opportunities to explore a part of the nearby Gaviota Coast up close.



Mike Brown

President, Gaviota Coast Conservancy

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